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Despite safety improvements in some areas of general aviation, midair collisions remain steady at around 0.035 per 100,000 flying hours, or about 15 per year. The FAA and other organizations recommend a timed, systematic, visual scan in which the pilot fixates at a location for at least one second, then shifts gaze no more than 10 degrees to the next sector in the visual field. Although all pilots are exposed to this concept, they do not receive systematic or extensive training in how to execute it. Using a General Aviation Flight Training Device and head and eye tracking systems, we are running studies to determine the scanning patterns pilots actually use and to evaluate the effectiveness of these patterns.

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