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Durand R. Begault
Scientist
Phone: 650-604-3920
Curriculum Vitae  (click to expand/minimize)
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(2004)  Software Release Award, Taxiway Navigation and Situation Awareness (T-NASA) System Simulation Software
(2003)  NASA Tech Brief, Multi-channel Spatialization System for Audio Signals
(2002)  NASA Tech Brief, Spatially-modulated Auditory Alert/Enhanced Detection
(2001)  Invention Disclosure, Auditory Alert Systems With Enhanced Detectability,
(2001)  NASA Tech Brief, Head Related Transfer-Function Pseudo-Stereophony
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PDF download  D. R. Begault, R. M. Bittner, & M. R. Anderson (2014) Multimodal Information Management: Evaluation of Auditory and Haptic Cues for NextGen Communication Displays, J. Audio Eng. Soc. 62:6, pp. 375-385 (2014 June) Click to read more
PDF download  R. M. Bittner, & D. R. Begault (2014) Signal processing methods for removing the effects of whole-body vibration upon speech, 2014 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing Florence, IT, May 4-9 2014 Click to read more
PDF download  R. W. Koteskey, S. . Wu, V. . Battiste, E. M. Wenzel, J. B. Lachter, D. R. Begault, J. H. Nguyen, M. S. Politowicz, & W. W. Johnson (2012) Enhanced Audio for NextGen Flight Decks, Proceedings from the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics 2012 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2012) Guidelines for NextGen Auditory Displays, J. Audio Eng. Soc. 60: pp. 519-530 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, & R. M. Bittner (2012) Modeling Auditory-Haptic Interface Cues from an Analog Multi-line Telephone, Audio Eng. Soc. 133rd Convention, San Francisco October 26-29, 2012 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, & R. M. Bittner (2012) Multimodal Information Management: Evaluation of Auditory and Haptic Cues for NextGen Communication Displays, Audio Eng. Soc. 133rd Convention, San Francisco October 26-29, 2012 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & M. . Godfroy (2010) Alerts Within Auditory Displays: Guidelines for NextGen Alerting Systems, NASA Technical Memorandum Draft, OPOCMM, Intelligent Integrated Flight Deck Project, Millestone IIFD.MM.2.3 Click to read more
M. R. Anderson, D. R. Begault, M. . Godfroy, J. D. Miller, & E. M. Wenzel (2010) Applying Spatial Audio to Human Interfaces: 25 Years of NASA Experience, 40th AES International Conference: Spatial Audio: Sense the Sound of Space, October 2010 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, M. . Godfroy, J. D. Miller, & M. R. Anderson (2010) Applying Spatial Audio to Human Interfaces: 25 years of NASA Experience, Proceedings of the 40th International AES Conference, Tokyo, Japan, October 8th-10th, 2010 Click to read more
E. M. Wenzel, M. . Godfroy, M. K. Kaiser, & D. R. Begault (2010) Auditory Display Prototype Evaluation, HRP/SHFE report September 30th 2010 Click to read more
M. . Godfroy, D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (2009) Auditory Display Systems for Advanced Cockpit Communications, NASA Aviation Safety Technical Conference, McLean, VA, Nov 17-19, 2009 Click to read more
M. . Godfroy, D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (2009) Speech Synthesis for Datalink: A study of Overall Quality and Comprehension Effort, Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, OH April 27th-30th, 2009 Click to read more
D. H. Mortensen, S. . Bech, D. R. Begault, & B. D. Adelstein (2009) The relative importance of visual, auditory and haptic information for the user's experience of mechanical switches, Perception, 38, 1560-1571 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, J. L. Hieronymus, & B. D. Adelstein (2008) Acoustic and vibration measurements of NASA spacesuits, J. Acoustical Society of America, 123(5), 3173 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. . Godfroy, A. . Sandor, & K. . Holden (2008) Caution and Warning Alarm Design and Evaluation for NASA CEV Auditory Displays, Proceedings of the 124th Convention of the Audio Engineering Society, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, May 17th-20th, 2008 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. . Godfroy, A. . Sandor, & K. . Holden (2007) Auditory alarm design for NASA CEV applications, Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Auditory Display, Montreal, Canada, June 26-26, 2007 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & M. . Godfroy (2006) Best practices for auditory alarm design in space applications, Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of America- Acoustical Society of Japan 4th Joint Meeting, 28 November- 2 December 2006, Honolulu, HI Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. . Godfroy, J. D. Miller, A. . Roginska, M. R. Anderson, & E. M. Wenzel (2006) Design and verification of HEADZAP, a semi-automated HRIR measurement system, Proceedings of 120th Convention of the Audio Engineering Society, Paris FR, 20-23 May 2006 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, & B. M. McClain (2006) Spatially-modulated auditory alerts for aviation, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, B. U. McClain, & J. D. Miller (2005) Audio-Visual Communication Monitoring System for Enhanced Situational Awareness, "Working Together: R&D Partnerships in Homeland Security Conference", Boston, MA, 27-28 April 2005 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, B. D. Adelstein, B. U. McClain, & M. R. Anderson (2005) Thresholds for auditory-tactile asynchrony, Audio Engineering Society 118th Convention Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2005) Tutorial on distance perception, Audio Engineering Society 118th Convention, Barcelona, and 119th Convention, New York Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (2005) Virtual acoustic displays in aerospace applications, NATO Human Factors & Medicine Panel Symposium on New Directions for Improving Audio Effectiveness, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 11-13 April 2005 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2005) Workshop on auditory-haptic interaction, Audio Engineering Society 118th Convention, Barcelona, and 119th Convention, New York Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2004) Application-driven design of auralization systems, Paper presented at the Special session on "Acoustics of Virtual Environments", 147th Acoustical Society of America meeting, New York, 24-28 May 2004 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2004) Binaural Hearing and Intellibility in Auditory Displays, Ellis, S. R.( Chair .), Virtual Environments for Training and Interfaces to Spatial Instruments. Invited panel presentation, 75 th Scientific Meeting of the Aerospace Medical Association (AsMA), May 3-6, Anchorage, AK Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, B. U. McClain, & M. R. Anderson (2004) Early Reflection Thresholds for Anechoic and Reverberant Stimuli within a 3-D Sound Display, Proceedings of the 18th International Congress on Acoustics, Kyoto, JP. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2004) Measurement and subjective evaluation of the spatial modulation of late reverberation, Invited paper presentation at the special session on “Coupled Volume Systems: Design Process and Implications” 148th Acoustical Society of America meeting, San Diego, November 15-19 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2004) Spatial Sound Techniques, Part 1: Virtual and binaural audio technologies. New York: Audio Engineering Society Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2003) Intelligibility in auditory displays, Paper presented at the Proceedings of "Reproduced sound 19", Institute of Acoustics, Oxford, UK Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2003) Measurement and auralization of 'moving' late reverberation, Third International Workshop on Spatial Media (IWSM 2003), Aizu, Japan. Paper presented at McGill University, Northwestern University, University of Surrey, UK Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2003) Measurement and perception of 'moving' late reverberant fields, J. Voetman (Chair.), Large room acoustics. Workshop conducted at the Audio Engineering Society 114th Convention, Amsterdam, NL. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2003) Overview of electronic reverberation systems, In D. R. Begault (Chair), Electronic reverberation systems. Workshop conducted at the Audio Engineering Society 114th Convention, Amsterdam, NL Click to read more
A. E. Krukowski, & D. R. Begault (2003) Pursuing the invisible: Human oculomotor response to auditory motion, Nature Click to read more
PDF download  B. D. Adelstein, D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, & E. M. Wenzel (2003) Sensitivity to Haptic-Audio Asynchrony, Proceedings, 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces, ACM, Vancouver, Canada, 2003, pp. 73-76. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, M. R. Anderson, & B. U. McClain (2003) Spatially-modulated auditory alerts, Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2003 International Conference on Auditory Display, Boston, MA July 6-9 2003 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2003) Tutorial on listening tests, Workshop presentation at the Audio Engineering Society 115th Convention, New York, N.Y. and 116th Convention (Berlin, DE) Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (2003) Virtual Acoustic Displays in Aerospace Applications, [Invited talk] International Workshop on Spatial and Binaural Hearing, Utrecht, The Netherlands, June 16-19, 2003 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2002) Binaural Effects and Spatial Hearing, In A. Kohlrausch & D. Begault (Co-chairs.), What Audio Engineers Should Know About Human Sound Perception. Workshop conducted at the Audio Engineering Society 113th Convention, Los Angeles, CA Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2002) Challenges and solutions for realistic room simulation, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (abstracts) 111(5): 2440 Click to read more
PDF download  A. E. Krukowski, D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & L. S. Stone (2002) Human smooth pursuit eye movement responses to visual, auditory, and imagined target motion, The Society for the Neural Control of Movement Twelfth Annual Meeting, Naples, Florida (poster) 404.15. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (2002) Introduction to Psychoacoustics. Part II. Binaural Hearing, Workshop presentation, Audio Engineering Society 112th meeting (Munich) and 113th meeting (Los Angeles). Click to read more
PDF download  A. . Jost, & D. R. Begault (2002) Observed effects of HRTF measurement signal level, Audio Engineering Society 21st International Conference: Architectural acoustics and sound reinforcement, St. Petersburg, RU. p. 302-306 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2001) Compositional spatial sound manipulation: historical overview and analyses, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (abstracts), 109, 2460.[invited paper] Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & M. R. Anderson (2001) Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking, reverberation and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 2001. 49: p. 904-916. Click to read more
D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & M. R. Anderson (2001) Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking, reverberation, and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 49 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & B. U. McClain (2001) Early reflection thresholds for virtual acoustic sound field simulation, Proceedings of the 17th International Congress on Acoustics, Rome, September 2-7. [invited paper] Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, B. U. McClain, & M. R. Anderson (2001) Early Reflection Thresholds for Virtual Sound Sources, Proceedings of the 2001 International Workshop on Spatial Media, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, Oct. 25-26, 2001 Click to read more
A. E. Krukowski, D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & L. S. Stone (2001) Human oculomotor response to virtual auditory motion, 31st Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA, November 10-15, Abstract # 404.15 Click to read more
PDF download  A. E. Krukowski, D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & L. S. Stone (2001) Human oculomotor responses to virtual auditory motion, Society for Neuroscience 31st Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (2001) Perception of multimodal time differences in virtual environments, Invited paper presentation at the special session on “Time delay estimation and localization” 148th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, San Diego, November 15-19, 2004 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, A. S. Lee, & M. R. Anderson (2000) Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source, Proceedings of the 108th Convention of the Audio Engineering Society, Paris, Feb. 2000, New York: Audio Engineering Society Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, L. S. Stone, & M. R. Anderson (2000) Direct comparison of the impact of head tracking, reverberation, and individualized head-related transfer functions on the spatial perception of a virtual speech source, Proceedings of the 108th Convention of the Audio Engineering Society, Paris, Feb. 2000, New York: Audio Engineering Society, Preprint 5134 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (2000) Improved HRTF-Based Pseudostereophony, NASA Tech Briefs. p. 40-43 Click to read more
E. M. Wenzel, & D. R. Begault (1999) Are individualized head related transfer functions required for auditory information displays?, [Invited Paper] Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 105, pp 1035. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1999) Auditory and non-auditory factors that potentially influence virtual acoustic imagery, Proceedings of the Audio Engineering Society 16th international conference on spatial sound reproduction, Rovaniemi, FIN Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1999) Challenges facing 3-D audio display design for multimedia, Proceedings of the 137th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, 2nd Convention of the European Acoustics Association (Forum Accusticum 99) and the 25th German DAGA Conference, Berlin. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1999) Virtual acoustic displays for teleconferencing: intelligibility advantage for, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 47, 824-828. Click to read more
D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, L. L. Tran, & M. R. Anderson (1998) A Questionnaire Survey of Commercial Airline Pilot Hearing Loss, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86, 258 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1998) An introduction to Auralization and Psychoacoustics, Conference Acoustique Virtuelle Ś98 - le son 3d et ses applications, Pôle Universitaire Leonard de Vinci, Paris. [CD-ROM]. Courbevoie, FR: Euphonia. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (1998) Assessment of Noise Exposure in Commercial Aircraft Cockpits, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA, 94035-1000 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1998) Fundamentals of Acoustics. Psychoacoustics and Hearing. Acoustical Measurements, In C. M. Salter (Ed.), Acoustics. Architecture, Engineering, The Environment. New York: McGraw-Hill Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, S. R. Ellis, & E. M. Wenzel (1998) Headphone and Head Mounted Visual Displays for Virtual Environments, Proceedings of the Audio Engineering Society 15th International Conference (Audio, Acoustics, and Small Spaces), Snekkersten, DK, 213-217. Click to read more
D. R. Begault, S. R. Ellis, & E. M. Wenzel (1998) Headphone and head-mounted visual displays for virtual environments, Proceedings of the Audio Engineering Society 15th International Convention (Audio, Acoustics and Small Spaces), Snekkersten, DK. pp. 213-217 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1998) Methods for room acoustic analysis and synthesis using a monopole-dipole microphone array, Proceedings of the 1998 International Congress on Noise Control Engineering (InterNoise 98), Christchurch, NZ [CD-ROM], paper 123. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, L. L. Tran, & M. R. Anderson (1998) Octave-band thresholds for Modeled Reverberant Fields, Audio Engineering Society 104th Convention, Amsterdam, NL (Preprint 4662). New York: Audio Engineering Society. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1998) Studying room acoustics using a monopole-dipole microphone array, Proceedings of the16th International Congress on Acoustics and 135th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Seattle, 369-370. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, L. L. Tran, & M. R. Anderson (1998) Survey of Commercial Airline Pilot's Hearing Loss, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 86, 258. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1998) Virtual acoustics, aeronautics and communications, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 46, 520-530 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, & W. B. Lathrop (1997) Augmented tcas advisories using a 3-d audio guidance system, Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University. Click to read more
PDF download  R. S. McCann, A. . Andre, D. R. Begault, D. C. Foyle, & E. M. Wenzel (1997) Enhancing ground taxi performance under low visibility: are electronic moving maps enough?, Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 41st Annual Meeting, Albuquerque, NM, 37-41 Click to read more
R. S. McCann, A. . Andre, D. R. Begault, D. C. Foyle, & E. M. Wenzel (1997) Enhancing Taxi Performance under low visibility: Are moving maps enough?, Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society, 37-41. Santa Monica, CA: HFES Click to read more
R. S. McCann, A. . Andre, D. R. Begault, D. C. Foyle, & E. M. Wenzel (1997) Enhancing taxi performance under low visibility: Are moving maps enough?, Proceedings of the 41st annual meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomic Society (pp. 37-41) Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1997) Evaluation of psychoacoustical parameters of 3-D sound, Workshop on three-dimensional sound spatialization and its applications [Invited presentation], Institut de Recherche et Coordination Acoustique/Musique (IRCAM), Paris, FR Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1997) Virtual acoustics: evaluation of psychoacoustic parameters for Auralization, Proceedings of IWHIT'97, Third International Workshop on Human Interface Technology. NASA Ames Research Center. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1997) Virtual acoustics: evaluation of psychoacoustic parameters of early reflection synthesis for improved rendering and data reduction, Proceedings of IWHIT'97, Third International Workshop on Human Interface Technology, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Japan, March 12-14 Click to read more
S. R. Ellis, D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (1997) Virtual Environments as Human-Computer Interfaces, In M. Helander (Ed.), Handbook of Human-Computer Interaction. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., pp. 163-201. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, E. M. Wenzel, R. . Shrum, & J. D. Miller (1996) A virtual audio guidance and alert system for commercial aircraft operations, Proceedings of the International Conference on Auditory Display (ICAD), Palo Alto, CA, Nov. 4-6, 117-122 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1996) Audible and inaudible early reflections: thresholds for auralization system design, Audio Engineering Society 100th Convention, Copenhagen, DK . (Preprint 4244) Click to read more
D. C. Foyle, A. . Andre, R. S. McCann, E. M. Wenzel, D. R. Begault, & V. . Battiste (1996) Taxiway Navigation and Situation Awareness (T-NASA) System: Problem, design philosophy and description of an integrated display suite for low-visibility airport surface operations, SAE Transactions: Journal of Aerospace, 105, 1411-1418 Click to read more
PDF download  D. C. Foyle, A. . Andre, R. S. McCann, E. M. Wenzel, D. R. Begault, & V. . Battiste (1996) Taxiway Navigation and Situation Awareness (T-NASA) system: Problem, design philosophy, and description of an integrated display suite for low-visibility airport surface operations, Proceedings of the SAE/AIAA World Aviation Congress, paper 96555, SAE Transactions: Journal of Aerospace, 105, 1411-1418. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1996) The Sonic CD-ROM for Desktop Audio Production. An Electronic Guide to Producing Computer Audio for Multimedia, Chestnut Hill, MA: Academic Press Professional Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, & M. T. Pittman (1996) Three-Dimensional Audio Versus Head-Down Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Displays, International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 6(1), 79-93. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1996) Virtual acoustics, aeronautics and communications, Audio Engineering Society 101st convention, Los Angeles, (Preprint 4352) Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1995) Head-up auditory display research at NASA Ames Research Center, Proceedings of the 39th Annual Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Meeting, San Diego, CA Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1995) Virtual acoustic displays for teleconferencing: Intelligibility advantage for, Audio Engineering Society 98th Convention, San Francisco (preprint 4008) Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1994) 3-D Sound for Virtual Reality and Multimedia, Cambridge, MA: Academic Press Professional Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, & T. . Erbe (1994) Multichannel spatial auditory display for speech communications, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 42, 819-826 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1993) A head-up auditory display for TCAS advisories, Human Factors, 35, 707-717 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1993) An introduction to 3-D sound for virtual reality, In S. K. Helsel (Ed.), VR Becomes A Business: Virtual Reality '92 Proceedings. (pp. 4-15). Westport, CT: Meckler. Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1993) Call sign intelligibility improvement using a spatial auditory display: applications to KSC speech communications, Proceedings of the Space Operations, Applications and Research (SOAR) Conference, 363-70. NASA Johnson Space Center. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (1993) Headphone Localization of Speech, Human Factors, 35, 361-376 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & T. . Erbe (1993) Multi-channel spatial auditory display for speech communications, Audio Engineering Society 95th Convention, Preprint No. 3707 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1993) The Evolution of 3-D Sound, Mix, 17, 42-46. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1992) Binaural Auralization and Perceptual Veridicality, Audio Engineering Society 93rd Convention, Preprint No. 3421 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1992) Perceptual effects of synthetic reverberation on three-dimensional audio systems, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 40(11), 895-904 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1992) Perceptual similarity of measured and synthetic HRTF filtered speech stimuli, Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 92, 2334 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (1992) Techniques and applications for binaural sound manipulation in human-machine interfaces, International Journal of Aviation Psychology 2(1), 1-22 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1992) The Virtual Reality of 3-D Sound, In L. Jacobson (Eds.), Cyberarts: Exploring Art and Technology (pp. 79-87). San Francisco: Miller-Freeman Publications. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1991) Challenges to the successful implementation of 3-D sound, Journal of the Audio Engineering Society, 39 (11), 864-870 Click to read more
D. R. Begault, & E. M. Wenzel (1991) Headphone Localization of Speech Stimuli, In Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Convention, pp. 82-86 Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1991) Preferred sound intensity increase for sensation of half distance, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 72, 1019-1029 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1990) 3-D Sound and Auralization, In J. Sendra (Ed.) Computational Architectural Acoustics. Southampton, UK: Computational Mechanics Publications. Click to read more
PDF download  D. R. Begault (1990) The Composition of Auditory Space: Recent Developments in Headphone Music, Leonardo 23 (1), pp. 45-52 Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1987) Control of Auditory Distance, Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Music Department, U. C. San Diego. Available via University Microfilms International, Ann Arbor, MI Click to read more
D. R. Begault (1986) Spatial Manipulation and Computers, Ex Tempore 4(1), 56-88 Click to read more
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