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Air traffic controllers' control strategies in the terminal area under off-nominal conditions  (2012)
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A human-in-the-loop simulation investigated the robustness of a schedule-based terminal-area air traffic management concept, and its supporting controller tools, to off-nominal events - events that led to situations in which runway arrival schedules required adjustments and controllers could no longer use speed control alone to impose the necessary delays. The main research question was exploratory: to assess whether controllers could safely resolve and control the traffic during off-nominal events. A focus was the role of the supervisor - how he managed the schedules, how he assisted the controllers, what strategies he used, and which combinations of tools he used. Observations and questionnaire responses revealed supervisor strategies for resolving events followed a similar pattern: a standard approach specific to each type of event often resolved to a smooth conclusion. However, due to the range of factors influencing the event (e.g., environmental conditions, aircraft density on the schedule, etc.), sometimes the plan required revision and actions had a wide-ranging effect.
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Air, area, conditions, control, controllers, off-nominal, strategies, terminal, traffic, under
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Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, San Francisco, July
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Jessica Nowinski
Last Updated: August 15, 2019