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UAS Pilot Performance Comparisons with Different Low Size, Weight and Power Sensor Ranges  (2020)
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The present study evaluated the performance of UAS pilots under four simulated low size, weight, and power (SwaP) sensor ranges: 1.5nmi, 2.0nmi, 2.5nmi, and 3.0nmi. Nine active-duty UAS pilots responded to scripted DAA conflicts against non-cooperative intruders while flying a simulated RQ-7 Shadow at varied speeds along a pre-filed flight path in Class E airspace. Findings revealed a linear effect of sensor range on alerting time and separation performance, with nearly every DAA well clear (DWC) violation and all Near Mid-Air Collision (NMAC) events occurring below 2.5nmi. Response time differences at these reduced ranges were negligible due to the high frequency of warning-level alerts that require an immediate response. Since caution alert duration was truncated to some degree by each tested declaration range, pilots were often unable to coordinate their avoidance maneuvers with ATC prior to their uploads. Nonetheless, the 2.5nmi range allowed minimum alerting times that were sufficient for acceptable pilot performance. These findings will inform DAA system requirements for UAS with alternative surveillance equipment and aircraft performance capabilities. Implications on DAA display and sensor requirements are discussed.
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aircraft, alternative, detect and avoid, low, surveillance, swap, systems, UAS, unmanned
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39th Digital Avionics Systems Conference Proceedings, San Antonio, TX
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Adobe PDF Icon  Monk_DASC2020_LowSWaPHITL2.pdf (Download Acrobat Reader Click to download Adobe Acrabat Reader)
  (341KB) (application/pdf)
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Curator: Phil So
NASA Official: Alonso Vera
Last Updated: August 15, 2019